The next 10 years of blockchain will be a turning point for women and gender equity as it will continue to empower women at the forefront of this technology. More importantly, it will transform the lives of women in developing nations – they who stand to benefit the most from this innovation. And this is what the Decade Of Women campaign seeks to accomplish.
Transforming the lives of women and girls is at the heart of the Decade Of Women campaign and the 5th Sustainable Development Goal on Gender Equality. As you carefully read through this article, get behind the buzzwords to gain a deeper understanding of gender equity and the women’s movement – why they matter and why after 4 millennia, we have yet to achieve lasting gender equity.
On the Decade Of Women campaign, listen to Dr. Jane Thomason who is a Top 10 Digital Frontier Woman, tireless advocate of blockchain for social impact and who is currently at the helm of the Decade Of Women campaign. Learn about key blockchain projects and blockchain technology – its ability to enable hyper co-collaboration and proof of impact, and its critical significance to the Decade Of Women campaign to complete the work that was started in 1975 with the Decade for Women campaign for gender equity.
Finally, we conclude the article by calling upon all men, women and LGBTQ in blockchain who are at the forefront of this revolutionary technology. To you, we say:
Leave no one behind.
Gender Inequality Across the World
When you think of gender inequality, what comes to mind?
‘Equal Pay’ perhaps or ‘More women in tech and the boardroom’? What about ‘Diversity in the workplace’ or the #MeToo movement?
A landmark research from the McKinsey Global Institute provides a nuanced view and hard evidence of gender inequality across the world.
“40 out of 95 countries have high or extremely high inequality on half or more of 15 indicators” – McKinsey Global Institute, The Power of Parity: How Advancing Women’s Equality Can Add $12 Trillion to Global Growth
Below are the particular areas and issues of gender inequality identified by the institute and how the world stacks up.
4 Areas of Gender Inequality
First of all, there are 4 areas of gender inequality based on the institute’s comprehensive 168-page report “The Power of Parity: How Advancing Women’s Equality Can Add $12 Trillion to Global Growth”, dated September 2015:
(1) Equality in Work
(2) Essential Services and Enablers of Economic Opportunity
(3) Legal Protection and Political Voice and
(4) Physical Security and Autonomy.
15 Issues of Gender Inequality
In addition, under these 4 areas are 15 specific issues (see table below) – which were studied by the institute for 95 countries in 10 regions that are home to 93% of the world’s female population.
(Extremely High: more than 50% from parity; High: 25%-50% from gender parity; Medium: 5%-25% from gender parity, and; Low: within 5% of gender parity)
These are the explicit areas and issues that need attention. For example, if you look at the Ave. Parity Score for the Political Representation issue (#12) in the table above, the female-to-male ratio is only 0.217.
South Asia “Worst”, Western Europe “Best”
Furthermore, this is how the 10 regions covered in the report rank in order of gender inequality from High to Extremely High:
- High gender inequality: Western Europe, Eastern Europe & Central Asia, Latin America, East & South East Asia excl. China, China, Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa
- Extremely High gender inequality: India, Middle East and finally, South Asia excl. India.
This means that the South Asian region excl. India has the “worst” level of gender inequality. The countries in this region are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
On the other hand, Western Europe has the “best” level of gender equity relative to the other regions. Note however that it is still at a High level of gender inequality. The countries in this region include Andorra, Belgium, France, Ireland, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom.
Top 5 Issues of Gender Inequality
Finally, in terms of issues, these are the 5 issues that rank Extremely High in gender inequality and are prevalent in a large percentage of countries:
(Finding women in politics shouldn’t be this hard. – UN Women)
(1) Political representation – Extremely High in 84% of countries (female-to-male ratio: 0.217)
(2) Leadership positions – Extremely High in 68% of countries (female-to-male ratio: 0.356)
(3) Unpaid care work – Extremely High in 58% of countries (male-to-female ratio: 0.326)
(4) Legal Protection – Extremely High in 42% of countries (per index: 0.502), and
(5) Violence against women – Extremely High in 35% of countries (% of women: 29.6%).
This therefore clearly shows that we still have some way to go in achieving gender equity.
The Ongoing Battle for Gender Equity
“If a woman speaks out of turn, then her teeth will be smashed with a brick.” – engraving on Enmetena and Urukagina cones, the earliest known law codes circa 2400 BC (ancient Mesopotamia)
Has it Always Been Like This?
In the ground-breaking historical BBC docu-series “Ascent of Woman” by Dr. Amanda Foreman, it is believed that early society was aggressively egalitarian. Dr. Foreman points to the Catalhöyük settlement, which existed from approximately 7500–5700 BC in Southern Anatolia as an example of true gender equity.
Fast forward to 2400 BC in ancient Mesopotamia when the female voice was first silenced by law in the Enmetena and Urukagina cones. It was around the time that Akkadian King Sargon conquered ancient Sumer that the outlook for women drastically changed.
Since then, women have been struggling for their voice to be heard. The docu-series then goes on to tell the stories of women who rose above their circumstances.
Poets and Warriors, Queens and Saints
From Enheduanna (2300 BC) the earliest known poet whose name has been recorded to the Siberian Ice Maiden (500 BC) believed to have been a religious leader of the Pazyryk tribe. Genghis Khan’s daughters (1206-1241) called ‘Tiger Queens of the Silk Route’ played crucial roles in his diplomacy and warfare. Empress Wu (690-705), the first female emperor ruled the Zhou dynasty. Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179), considered to be the founder of scientific natural history in Germany and has been recognized as a saint by branches of the Roman Catholic Church.
Politicians, Diplomats and Rabble Rousers
The powerful and influential Roxelana (1533-1558) who was the wife of the Ottoman sultan Süleyman the Magnificent. And more recently in the last 500 years, Empress Nur Jahan (1577-1645) who was the most powerful and influential woman in the Mughal empire. Olympe de Gouges (1748-1793) who is known as one of the earliest feminists who demanded that French women be given the same rights as French men in her Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen and who was executed by guillotine. The non-militant suffragist Millicent Fawcett (1847-1929) who campaigned for women to have the vote. Alexandra Kollontai (1872-1952), the first woman to be appointed ambassador.
We honor these women for their bravery. Certainly, many other women – both famous and unnamed, and women’s movements in recent history, defied the odds in the environs and norms they found themselves in. They are like shooting stars that blaze across the sky for a moment never to be seen again.
Over the 4 millennia since the first female silencing in ancient Mesopotamia, the battle for gender equity has been won and lost again and again. Waning and waxing like the moon, women’s time in the limelight have been short-lived – taken over within a few, short decades as “her-story” shows. And it usually took centuries for a new generation of women to recover the flame.
The question is:
Why have women – nay humanity, not been able to sustain gender equity?
Here we reflect on some of the reasons why we have yet to accomplish lasting gender equity. Later on, we discuss the Decade Of Women campaign and the potential of modern-day technology such as blockchain to turn the tide in gender equity’s favor.
(1) Law and Government
As shown earlier, political representation and legal protection are two of the most critical issues of gender inequality. Until women are adequately represented in government, we cannot hope to change the laws that harm and disadvantage women.
“One cross-country study found that greater representation
of women in parliaments led to higher expenditure on education as a share of GDP. In India, women’s leadership in local politics has been found to reduce corruption.” – McKinsey Global Institute, The Power of Parity: How Advancing Women’s Equality Can Add $12 Trillion to Global Growth
When more women hold ministerial and parliamentary roles, not only do women benefit. Society as a whole benefits.
(2) Deep-Seated Cultural Beliefs and Unconscious Biases
This is probably the toughest one to solve. Even with laws and protections in place, cultural practices that are harmful to women perpetuate due to social pressure to conform and the fear of being rejected by the community.
Female genital mutilation (FGM) for example is a practice not commonly associated with modern, cosmopolitan Singapore but it is “quietly happening all the time” in the city-state, according to BBC News’ Yvette Tan in ‘Why female genital mutilation still exists in modern Singapore’. According to the World Health Organization, one of the cultural and social factors for performing FGM is the “cultural ideals of femininity and modesty, which include the notion that girls are clean and beautiful after removal of body parts that are considered unclean, unfeminine or male.”
Furthermore: “FGM is mostly carried out on young girls between infancy and age 15. Procedures can cause severe bleeding and problems urinating, and later cysts, infections, as well as complications in childbirth and increased risk of newborn deaths. More than 200 million girls and women alive today have been cut in 30 countries in Africa, the Middle East and Asia where FGM is concentrated.”
“FGM is recognized internationally as a violation of the human rights of girls and women. It reflects deep-rooted inequality between the sexes, and constitutes an extreme form of discrimination against women. It is nearly always carried out on minors and is a violation of the rights of children. The practice also violates a person’s rights to health, security and physical integrity, the right to be free from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and the right to life when the procedure results in death.” – World Health Organization
(3) National Averages and Intersectionality
National averages which are usually studied in reports can mask pockets of intersecting inequalities and leave out deeply marginalized groups of women from programs for gender equity.
In the United States for example in terms of education, the national average of those who did not complete high school is 10.3%. Among the urban richest women, this is 4.1%. Compared to Hispanic women, the rate is 38.3% – more than thrice the national average.
Furthermore, disadvantage is intensified for women and girls living at the intersection of inequalities and discrimination i.e., wealth, class, ethnicity, immigration status, religion, geography, etc. which are often disaggregated.
“The identities (perceived or inherent) of individuals and groups can increase their risks of discrimination and marginalization. Those left furthest behind in society are often women and girls who experience multiple forms of disadvantage based on gender and other inequalities.”
“For example, a woman’s caste in India can increase her exposure to mortality as a result of factors such as poor sanitation and inadequate water supply and health care: The average age of death for Dalit women is 14.6 years younger than for higher caste women. In Latin America, labour earnings reflect disparities based on the gender, geography, race and ethnicity of working people, leaving indigenous women at the bottom of the earnings pyramid, even after controlling for education. In Serbia, young Roma women attain two thirds of the education of their male counterparts despite that fact that, at the national level, young women average more education than men. In Nigeria, average primary school attendance is 66 per cent among girls overall but only 12 per cent among poor Hausa girls from rural areas.”
– UN Women, Turning Promises Into Action: Gender Equality in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
(4) The Feminist Badge
It seems that rather than being a uniting badge, feminism has increasingly become polarizing on the one hand – spawning a women’s anti-feminist movement – yes, by women. On the other hand, it has made some people embarrassed to be called a feminist. For example, a male audience member of an Intelligence Squared debate on ‘What Next for Women’ suggested to the panel to re-brand feminism to equalism.
“I walked in here, the first thing I noticed is 97% of the audience is women. And I just wonder what you think whether one of the things which is next for feminism is to completely rebrand it and call it equalism, not feminism because many guys especially younger guys don’t wanna be called feminine. And somehow, I think it’s a, there’s a branding issue. It feminizes men to think that they’re going to be feminists. And I wonder what you think about that. Marketing is everything.” – Audience member, ‘What Next for Women’ debate
We need to clarify what feminism means. In Emma Watson’s HeForShe campaign launch speech, she said feminism had “become synonymous with man hating.” She goes on to say “this has to stop. For the record, feminism by definition is the belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities. It is the theory of political, economic, and social equality of the sexes.” Hopefully, that speech – viewed more than 2.4 million times in YouTube, illuminated what feminism means for men and women alike.
But maybe we shouldn’t worry about labels at all. Feminist or anti-feminist, let’s instead refocus our energies on getting the work of gender equity done.
(5) Freedom of Choice
Many who casually comment on feminism or women’s movements point out that women have freedom of choice.
Yes, women may be free to choose but what of the choices they are afforded? Until women are given equal opportunities and a safe environment in which to use those opportunities can they exercise true freedom of choice.
Towards Sustainable Gender Equity
So far, we have looked at gender inequality – the areas and issues of concern, the history and causes. But what would gender equity look like once we finally achieve it?
What Does Gender Equity Mean?
This could be summarized as equality in work and society.
Equality in Work
- The ability of all women to engage in paid work
- Share unpaid work more equitably with men
- Have the skills and opportunity to perform higher-productivity jobs
- Occupy leading positions in the economy
Equality in Society
- To have the resources and ability to live a life of their own making through:
- Access to essential services and enablers of economic opportunity
- Legal protection and political voice and
- Physical security and autonomy
Furthermore, there is a strong correlation between equality in society and equality in work.
“Broadly speaking, an increase in gender equality in society is linked with an increase in gender equality in work. While absolute scores on gender equality in society tend to be higher than those of gender equality in work for most countries, virtually no country has high gender equality in society and low equality in work.” – McKinsey Global Institute, The Power of Parity: How Advancing Women’s Equality Can Add $12 Trillion to Global Growth
Top 10 Priority Impact Zones
To help prioritize action towards gender equity, the McKinsey Global Institute’s report identifies 10 impact zones that reflect both the seriousness of a type of gender inequality and its geographic concentration. These also account for more than 75% of the global gender gap meaning effective action in these zones would move more than 75% of women affected closer to parity.
Global Priority Impact Zones:
The global priority impact zones are as per above Top 5 issues of gender inequality.
(1) Leadership positions – improve economic potential
(2) Unpaid care work – reduce time spent in unpaid care work
(3) Legal protection – more legal rights
(4) Political representation – increase political representation
(5) Violence against women – protect against violence
Regional Priority Impact Zones:
The regional priority impact zones are specific to the regions where the issues have the highest concentration geographically.
(6) Professional and technical jobs – increase labor-force participation in quality jobs in India, Middle East and North Africa, South Asia excl. India, sub-Saharan Africa
(7) Maternal mortality – improve maternal and reproductive health in sub-Saharan Africa
(8) Education level – increase education levels in India, South Asia excl. India, sub-Saharan Africa
(9) Financial and Digital inclusion – increase financial and digital inclusion in India, Middle East, North Africa, South Asia excl. India, sub-Saharan Africa
(10) Sex ratio at birth and Child marriage – decrease girl-child vulnerability in China, India, South Asia excl. India
Blockchain for Gender Equity
Looking ahead to year 2030 when the UN Sustainable Development Goals including Gender Equality are due for completion, Decade Of Women will be the banner for rapid and laser-focused transformative action aimed at completing the work that was started more than 40 years ago with the Decade for Women. And this is no mere hope.
With the aid of Web 3.0 technologies available today such as the blockchain, prospects are positive that we can finally bring the work of gender equity and social impact to fruition.
In fact, here is a key finding from a recent report by a research team from the Stanford Graduate School of Business titled ‘Blockchain for Social Impact – Moving Beyond the Hype’:
“We’re still in the early days of blockchain for good, but impact is
close. Blockchain initiatives dedicated toward social impact are still
in the early days — 34% were started in 2017 or later, and 74% are
still in the pilot or idea stage. But, 55% of social-good blockchain
initiatives are estimated to impact their beneficiaries by early 2019.” – Stanford Graduate School of Business
Spotlight: Dr. Jane Thomason, Decade Of Women
Dr. Jane Thomason is the CEO of Abt Associates Australia and the Senior Global Advisor for Digital Transformations at Abt Associations. She was recently recognized as one of the Top 10 Digital Frontier Women for her efforts to promote Blockchain for Social Impact. She is currently at the helm of the newly-launched Decade Of Women campaign.
The Decade Of Women Campaign
We interviewed Dr. Thomason on the Decade Of Women campaign, the women’s movement and what it means to be a woman in this day and age. (Note: Words in quotes “” are her own.)
What does the slogan #WeUniteWe mean? What are the particular targets of Decade Of Women to be fulfilled by 2030?
“The Decade Of Women is a massively ambitious campaign of action to harness frontier technologies to transform women’s lives worldwide. #WeUniteWe is a pledge to celebrate, unite and exponentiate the progress of both women and men to complete the gender equity revolution, and to realize UN Sustainable Development Goal #5 by 2030. It is a massively ambitious hyper – co- collaboration focussed on leveraging the power of frontier technologies across blockchain and digital assets to finally achieve economic engagement and financial independence of all women.
In 1975 the UN first declared a Decade for Women, the Decade Of Women envisions the linking of capital, technology and women to complete the unfinished work. For the first time in human history, we have the technological tools that will enable us to connect the bottom billion unbanked to the global economy, to provide digital identity to stateless people, to make micro grid solar power ubiquitous and through smart contracts, to direct benefits to women and girls. #WeUniteWe is a call to action.”
The women’s movement seems to have stagnated. Why do you think that happened?
“All movements are situated in a time and a place and they need to change as times and thinking changes. I have seen a transition from women’s disadvantage, to gender equality to women’s empowerment, and now to a powerful argument about investing in women as an economic argument.”
What can we do to prevent that from happening in the lead up to 2030?
“In the lead up to 2030 – we need a laser focus on action, the Decade Of Women needs to move rapidly from a clarion call to evidence of impact.
What is different now is the technology that enables hyper co-collaboration which will come from emerging Community Token Economies. We can now create token economies which can enable and incentivise digital communities to connect and form networks. Users benefit because they have direct access to token capital, investment and real interest in the system.
Blockchain is giving us tools to collaborate on a global scale, in a way never previously possible. The tools are there to step outside of our traditional industry space and reach out across sectors and geographies and build huge innovation communities to solve big and small problems – we can now embrace not just cross-industry collaboration, but pan-global collaboration.”
What are the unique properties of blockchain technology that will have a significant impact on SDG 5 or the SDGs as a whole?
“Everyone has heard the hype – fast – secure – immutable – decentralised – smart contracts… but what does that mean for women and girls? I want to highlight three things:”
At a macro level:
“1. At a macro level, utilising Blockchain smart contracts to target donor resources directly to women, rather than using expensive intermediaries, such as banks and Western Union, will free up significant additional funds flows for women. The smart contracts function that effectively creates “programmable money” can ensure it is used for the purpose intended.”
At a mIcro level:
“2. At a micro-level, the key will be identity. Once women and girls have a unique identity, they can begin to access other opportunities enabled by Blockchain, whether it is remittances, agriculture value chains, land registry, health services. Without identity they will remain excluded.”
“3. Blockchain decentralised token communities will allow large groups of likeminded people to connect, allow members to determine causes worth supporting and to what extent; improve the way we collaborate and the outcomes of these collaborations for all and enable individuals and groups to support other individuals and groups who pursue causes they believe to be of value to others. This will enable global collaboration on an unprecedented scale.”
Are there any blockchain projects you are working on or have seen that directly and practically address the targets of SDG 5?
“I have seen many promising Blockchain projects that have potential to address SDG 5 including identity, financial inclusion, medical supply chains, agriculture value chains, micro-grid energy trading and land registry to name a few. I want to highlight two of my favourite Blockchain initiatives here. The first is the Decade Of Women #HackQuantum Series Worldwide, and the second is the IDBox, a Blockchain solution specifically targeting the “bottom billion.” (For transparency, I am involved as an adviser on both initiatives.)”
#HackQuantum Series Worldwide
Kicking off the Decade Of Women will be a series of hackathons ‘#HackQuantum Series Worldwide‘ that will be launched next month in Lagos, Nigeria.
“As part of the Decade Of Women, we will create a rolling series of hackathons across the globe to generate new solutions for women across all SDGs over the first 12 months of the Decade Of Women. These events will combine diverse talent from developed and developing countries (tech, problem holders, designers, creatives, business people) in a “pressure cooker” environment to accelerate new and exponential ideas.”
Launchpad: Lagos, Nigeria (May 5 – 7)
“The Launchpad for this will be Lagos, Nigeria from 5 -7 May, where women, technologists, investors, futurists will develop solutions to SDG 5, in one of the most challenging nations on the planet. This will launch a global series of hackathons all with the single purpose of accelerating frontier technology solutions for women.”
Frontier Technology for Women Innovation Platform
“The winning team will get the opportunity to develop their solution in the #DecadeofWomen accelerator program. All solutions will form part of an open source global Frontier Technology for Women Innovation Platform, available to be accessed and built upon by anyone globally.
The Hackathon will take place in partnership with Fintech Worldwide’s first Blockchain Conference in Nigeria (https://www.blockchainafrica.com/) and will be followed by a private reception for dignitaries, funders, and leading women to launch the global open innovation platform. This will be a bold and ambitious rolling innovation collaboration to find the technology that will exponentiate impact for the goals of Decade Of Women.”
(Watch IDbox creator Julien Bouteloup share its evolution and the pilot in Papua New Guinea, below.)
“IDbox (https://www.idbox.io/) is a simple, low-cost solution that is specifically designed for low infrastructure settings – with no internet, electricity, and only 2G mobile phones. IDBox offers the potential to create a commercially scalable system, which can be taken up by government and industry to reach the bottom billion, specifically the marginalised, which includes women and girls. It will:
1. Deliver identity for improved economic participation of women and girls.
2. Improve access to banking for the poorest and most vulnerable women and girls.
3. Advance access to green energy for women and girls.
This is an open source product which is fully decentralized and transparent. There are incentive features built into device to make it attractive to users, including digital currency, micro grid energy trading and ability through smart contracts to facilitate targeted transfers to women and girls e.g. antenatal and vouchers etc.”
Critical Success Factors
Decade Of Women is a “massively ambitious hyper co-collaboration” as mentioned by Dr. Jane Thomason.
To be successful, the Decade Of Women campaign will leverage the power of communities, engage the different sectors of society and reach out to global citizens across geographies for capital, investments and innovative ideas.
Such a wide-reaching collaborative effort is now practicable in what are emerging token economies in the blockchain.
These token economies are like mini-economies that are structured around a goal or set of goals which are self-determined by its participants. A token represents a unit of value to them – for example, carbon tokens or impact tokens. Through the blockchain, participants can come from any part of the world unhindered by distance and unencumbered by bureaucratic processes to support the causes they believe in – whether you are an investor, professional or advocate.
(Read our article on token economies in the context of social impact bonds and tokenized ETFs, here.)
Evidence of Impact
In addition, Dr. Jane Thomason holds that “the Decade Of Women needs to move rapidly from a clarion call to evidence of impact.”
Through blockchain technology, the Decade Of Women campaign or any campaign for that matter, will be able to provide measurable evidence of its impact through blockchain-enabled proof of impact. This completes the circle of impact investing and exponentiates impact.
(Watch the 2-min video below to learn about proof of impact. Read our article on the ixo Protocol, here.)
“#WeUniteWe is a pledge to celebrate, unite and exponentiate the progress of both women and men to complete the gender equity revolution, and to realize UN Sustainable Development Goal #5 by 2030.” – Dr. Jane Thomason
Do We Need Gender Equity?
The UN has recognized that achievement of the 2030 Agenda will be impossible without the success of women. In addition, the McKinsey Global Institute argues that as much as $28 trillion will be added to the global GDP by 2025 as women participate in the economy identically to men under a ‘full-potential’ scenario.
Ultimately though, it is up to the individual whether he or she believes that women are disproportionately disadvantaged and that therefore there is a genuine need for gender equity. Throughout this article, we have cited reports and statistics measuring gender inequality across the world. We let the numbers, facts and figures speak for themselves as much as possible. However, as with all transformations, gender equity will only be possible if more individuals – both men and women, take up the mantle of change. Will this be the decade when we make gender equity a reality?
Nearly 10 years after Satoshi Nakamoto published the Bitcoin whitepaper, the promises of blockchain are within reach. Will the next 10 years of blockchain be a turn for the worse or for the better for women?
As we conclude this article, we ask Dr. Jane Thomason:
What does it mean to be a woman in this day and age?
“Personally, I am excited to be a woman in this day and age. I see technology as a great equaliser – if we capitalise on its potential. Women can work from home.
Tech generally is an ideal area for women – because it allows them flexible working hours and arrangements.
Blockchain is a rapidly emerging technology with new use cases emerging on a weekly basis – that means opportunity! We need to create new stereotypes for women in tech who are smart, managing awesome tech and managing motherhood. We need more modern-day women in tech role models, many more.
I believe that whatever you give a woman she will make it greater.
I am proud to be named a Top 10 Digital Frontier Woman, leading women in the emerging blockchain and digital assets market. Frontier Women are characterised by their: pioneering work at the forefront of digital thought leadership; contribution to advancing women’s equity, pushing the boundaries of technological innovation for social impact and ability to inspire and ignite others. For me, this inspires me even further to lead and drive the exponential transformations required to achieve the goals of the Decade Of Women and will work shoulder to shoulder with women and men to achieve gender equity and address all of the SDGs for Women.
Frontier Women will light a fire and will fearlessly champion the drive to harness the transformative impact of frontier technologies to achieve the goals of the Decade Of Women with breathtaking speed.
Frontier Women are women of action, women who are fearless and women who can create change and influence the powerful to achieve the impossible.
For me, this is the decade of fearless action to achieve the impossible!”
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Learn more about Decade Of Women, here. Sign the pledge!
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Did You Find This Helpful?
We hope you found this information useful! We will be covering more projects and interviews in blockchain for social good in future posts. Stay tuned.
- Decade Of Women (Website): https://www.decadeofwomen.org/
- McKinsey Global Institute (Report) – “The Power of Parity: How Advancing Women’s Equality Can Add $12 Trillion to Global Growth”: https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/McKinsey/Global%20Themes/Employment%20and%20Growth/How%20advancing%20womens%20equality%20can%20add%2012%20trillion%20to%20global%20growth/MGI%20Power%20of%20parity_Full%20report_September%202015.ashx
- UN Women (Website): “Can you find her?”: http://www.unwomen.org/en/digital-library/multimedia/2017/3/illustration-finding-her-campaign
- BBC (Website): “The Ascent of Woman – Is Gender Inequality Man-Made?”: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/articles/4vD023dn4cp8wF2lRntcQ7L/is-gender-inequality-man-made
- Wikipedia (Website): “Enheduanna”: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enheduanna
- Wikipedia (Website): “Siberian Ice Maiden”: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siberian_Ice_Maiden
- Wikipedia (Website): “The Secret History of the Mongol Queens”: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Secret_History_of_the_Mongol_Queens
- Wikipedia (Website): “Wu Zetian”: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wu_Zetian
- Wikipedia (Website): “Hildegard of Bingen”: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hildegard_of_Bingen
- Wikipedia (Website): “Hurrem Sultan”: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurrem_Sultan
- Wikipedia (Website): “Nur Jahan”: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nur_Jahan
- Wikipedia (Website): “Olympe de Gouges”: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olympe_de_Gouges
- Wikipedia (Website): “Millicent Fawcett”: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Millicent_Fawcett
- Wikipedia (Website): “Alexandra Kollontai”: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexandra_Kollontai
- BBC News (Website) – “Why female genital mutilation still exists in modern Singapore”: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-37819753
- World Health Organization (Website) – “Female genital mutilation”: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs241/en/
- TEDx Talks (YouTube) – “The suprising neuroscience of gender inequality”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eCknUJJc3qU
- Intelligence Squared (YouTube) – “What Next For Feminism”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dje0Dm7LLS4
- UN Web TV (Website) – “Launch of the HeforShe Campaign – Special event”: http://webtv.un.org/search/launch-of-the-heforshe-campaign-special-event/3797140848001?term=heforshe
- UN Women (Website) – “Changing world, changing work”: http://www.unwomen.org/en/digital-library/multimedia/2017/2/photo-world-of-work
- Dr. Jane Thomason (LinkedIn): https://www.linkedin.com/in/dr-jane-thomason-85997276/
- UN Women (Website) – “Turning Promises Into Action: Gender Equality in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”: http://www.unwomen.org/-/media/headquarters/attachments/sections/library/publications/2018/sdg-report-gender-equality-in-the-2030-agenda-for-sustainable-development-2018-en.pdf?la=en&vs=5653
- Stanford Graduate School of Business -“Blockchain for Social Impact”: https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/faculty-research/publications/blockchain-social-impact
- Ethereum Foundation (YouTube) – “IDbox – Cost efficient device for self-sovereign identity”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h1Oz3oEtZxE&list=LLgcmyqJBUwoXC9g-vpLbjcw&index=13&t=11s
- ixo (Vimeo) – “The ixo Network: count what matters, value what counts”: https://vimeo.com/264055837